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Now showing 1 - 5 of 16
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    “First do no harm” the side effect profile of psychotherapeutic treatments
    (Dublin Business School, 2020) Redyk, Renata; Frazer, Patricia
    The aim of this research is to contribute knowledge to a scarce number of studies on negative effects (NE) in psychotherapy in order to increase awareness of both clinicians and patients along with effectiveness and safety of therapeutic approaches. Ninety-two participants took part in the study by non-random selection. Participants formed a purposive sample and an additional expert sample consisting of people with experience of both psychotherapy and NE. The design is mixed methods including between-groups comparisons using statistical tools of descriptive, non-parametric and regression testing plus short semi-structured interview. Two main measurements on NE and alliance were used: Negative Effects Questionnaire (NEQ) and Agnew Relationship Measure – 5 (ARM-5) by online survey. The results demonstrated that humanistic therapy shows significantly lower level of NE to psychoanalysis which led to the rejection of hypothesis. This is partly consistent with the body of research. CBT almost achieved significance to humanistic, however more research is needed. The childhood-past focus, number of sessions and gender of therapist showed no significant contribution to the development of NE, thus the hypotheses related were accepted. The result did not match the previous studies on those components. The next accepted hypothesis related to therapeutic alliance where the result demonstrated that negative effects decrease when alliance increases confirming a body of research indicating an importance of therapeutic relationship in psychological treatments. The qualitative results pointed to the need of formal explanation of NE to the patients and applying risk prevention plan at the beginning of treatment.
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    Risk factors in predicting paternal postnatal depression and social support in Ireland
    (Dublin Business School, 2020) Balogi, Madeleine; Barron, Ronda
    There is mounting evidence that fathers experience depressive symptoms following the birth of a child with the prevalence of depression ranging from 1.2-25.5%. A cross-sectional, mixed-methods design was used to investigate the rate of paternal postnatal depression and examine its associated risk factors. Fathers above the age of 18, residing in Ireland and who had a child in the last 12 months were recruited (n=40). The quantitative part included self-reported questionnaires and the qualitative part focused on feelings regarding support and other experiences. Results yielded that 22.5% of fathers were above the cut-off point for major depression with support showing a negative correlation. Relationship, employment status and shame indicated to be depression predictors while income revealed a significant negative correlation with depression. The thematic analysis revealed four themes: preparation for fatherhood, support, uncertainty and openness with key findings highlighting a lack of education and support, thus suggested as interventions.
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    Dementia in Intellectual disability: effects of education, stress, approaches to dementia & challenging behaviour, incorporating recommendations
    (Dublin Business School, 2020) Farrell, Laura Jane; Page, Deaglan
    Dementia in individuals with an intellectual disability is a recent phenomenon due to advancements in medical intervention enhancing the lifespan of this cohort. A mixed methods design (n=109) was employed to establish if there was a relationship between the variables dementia training, occupational stress, approaches to dementia and challenging behaviour in the quantitative component. Further recommendations of improvements to current service provisions were sought in a qualitative component (n=5). The majority of non-parametric tests conducted to test the hypotheses, were found to be not significant. A Chi-square test found significance in the training levels of those employed in this area. Spearman’s Rho test also found significance in role ambiguity and approaches to dementia care. Thematic analysis yielded recommendations for future service provision established across the dataset. Recommendations for future research to collect further demographic data and establish a normally distributed sample are discussed along with dissemination of the current study.
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    The effect of a novel self-determination theory based writing exercise in increasing self-determination and perceived self-competence in goal setting: a randomized experiment
    (Dublin Business School, 2020) Mulvany, Katie; Barron, Ronda
    A novel reflective writing exercise based on self-determination theory was created, applied, and assessed within the current study. The study aimed to examine the potential for this exercise to increase participants self-determination and perceived self-competence in relation to their long-term goal. 155 participants took part in the study, with 84 participants receiving the self-determination theory based reflective writing exercise, while the control condition (n = 71) received a control intervention. Total self-determination score and perceived self-competence were assessed at baseline, and again following the intervention. A mixed two way ANOVA revealed a significant increase in the intervention conditions total self-determination, while the control condition showed no significant change. A Mann Whitney U test and a Wilcoxon signed rank test revealed that both the experiment and control condition showed significant increases in perceived self-competence following the intervention. No gender or age differences were evident in relation to the effectiveness of the intervention for the experiment condition. Limitations and recommendations for future research are discussed.
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    Working from home or shirking from home? Personality trait as a predictor of remote working preference
    (Dublin Business School, 2020) Murray, Graham; Caska, Barbara
    The positives and negatives of remote working have been hotly debated in recent years. Remote work has been hampered with scepticism around performance and trust. The sudden onset Covid-19 has made remote working a reality for many employees worldwide. The long term effects of this on employee mental health are still not known. Personality traits have historically been an accurate predictor of working behaviours and mental health. The primary aim of this study was to look for a relationship between personality traits and remote working preference. 258 participants took part in a remote working survey and personality trait test. The groups comprised of participants who worked remotely prior to Covid-19, worked remotely as a result of Covid-19 and who did not work remotely at all. The groups were compared on their personality trait scores and their remote working preference. Parametric and non-parametric statistical analyses were used to compare the means of each group against personality trait scores. The study found a significant relationship between two of the Big 5 personality traits and remote working preference. The traits were Emotional stability and Conscientiousness. Gender was also compared for remote working preference, no significant relationship was found. The secondary aim of this study was to initiate a test and learn process for a Remote Working Suitability Scale developed by the researcher, the R.W.S.S. The research has shown that personality traits should be taken into account when designing remote working policy and evidence-based mental health interventions.