ItemThe Edinburgh international encyclopaedia of psychoanalysis(Edinburgh University Press, 2006) Loose, RikRik Loose's seven entries for the Edinburgh Encyclopaedia of psychoanalysis are on: addiction, aggressivity, lamella, mimicry, need, push-to-the-woman and toxin. The Encyclopaedia provides a wide, objective and catholic vision of psychoanalysis, demonstrating that it is a single discipline, very much greater than any particular movement, school or individual, including its founder, Freud. Thus the book contains authoritative entries on all the most important authors, practitioners, concepts, movements, schools, debates and controversies in psychoanalysis and its offspring, past and present. A precis essay is given of each school amplified by explanations of all key terms within that school. Entries are alphabetically arranged. ItemModern symptoms and their effects as forms of administration : a challenge to the concept of dual diagnosis and to treatment(Karnac Books, 2011) Loose, RikConsidered from a psychoanalytic point of view there is no such thing as an expertise in addiction, but to pay special attention to addiction is important, because it is arguably a paradigmatic expression of the suffering of the modern subject and, moreover, it is a crucial problem for psychoanalysis. It is important to investigate the effect of the symptom and dual diagnosis from within a psychoanalytic framework for at least the following four reasons: ItemA Lacanian Approach to Clinical Diagnosis and Addiction(Karnac Books., 2002) Loose, RikTowards the end of his Civilization and its Discontents Freud poses a question which he feels he cannot evade. After contemplating the similarities between the development of civilization and the individual he wonders whether is possible to make the diagnosis that 'under the influence of cultural urges, some civilizations, or some epochs of civilization- possibly the whole of mankind- have become neurotic?' (Freud, 1930:144). He immediately points out the danger implicit in making this kind of diagnosis by saying that 'we are only dealing with analogies and that is dangerous, not only with men but also with concepts, to tear them from the sphere in which they have originated and been evolved' (Freud, 1930:144). This is a very important remark. ItemThe subject of addiction : psychoanalysis and the administration of enjoyment(Karnac Books, 2002) Loose, RikThe incidence of addiction is higher than ever, and drugs and drug use are an increasingly prevalent part of our culture. Yet we seem to lack the kind of knowledge that would help us to understand how drugs affect people and how people become addicted to drugs. This is particularly surprising in the light of the vast amount of knowledge accumulated in the sciences. Psychoanalysis, Rik Loose proposes, is in an excellent position to make decisive contributions to the problem of addiction. By inviting people to speak about themselves, psychoanalysis provides a unique way of collecting clinical material. Coming directly from the addicted subject, this material has great power and relevance.