Studies in Arts and Humanities Journal - Vol 1, No 1 (2015)

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    Green Shoots: Environmental Sustainability and Contemporary Film Production
    (SAHKartell, 2015) Victory, Jonathan
    This paper explores the emerging phenomenon of ‘green filmmaking’ in film production, whereby the process of filmmaking is conducted with a view to minimising environmental impact. Establishing the motivations behind green filmmaking and surveying a range of international developments in this area, sustainability initiatives are identified and considered as a means of environmentally-sustainable economic development for the film sector. After identifying challenges of consumption habits to be overcome by the film industry worldwide, recent and current initiatives are highlighted from within the international film industry and one is specifically explored in more detail: the emerging role of a designated crew member or ‘eco-manager’ to oversee environmental initiatives on-set. The paper then concludes on a range of brief policy proposals for the film sector following on from analysis of existing film industry policy towards environmental sustainability. Author keywords: Film, environment, sustainability
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    Female Liberation and Autonomy in the Films of Federico Fellini
    (SAHKartell, 2015) Butler, June
    The essay examines the role of women and the portrayal of femininity in the films of Federico Fellini (1920-1993), and the extent to which Fellini’s view of women guides the evolution of the plots. Key female characters in Fellini’s films are seen as existing on the edges of society—women who are not quite social outcasts but whose way of life leads to them being viewed as misfits living on the fringes. Fellini has made a number of films depicting the hardships endured by female characters, their troubled relationships with men, and the lessons they have learned from their travails. Fellini’s films chart the personal growth of female characters towards independence through their interactions with others. Author keywords: Fellini, Federico, Giulietta Masina, Sandra Milo, Motion picture film, Femininity in motion pictures, Feminine identity
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    Living on the Hyphen: How Elizabeth Bowen Portrays the Predicament of the Anglo-Irish in The Last September
    (SAHKartell, 2015) Green, Laura
    This paper explores the portrayal of the Anglo-Irish in Elizabeth Bowen’s The Last September. Bowen writes from personal experience with a strong sense of irony to explore the relationships of this declining class and their relationship with their adopted homeland. As an inhabitant of an Anglo-Irish Big House, Bowen writes from the perspective of the Anglo–Irish but views their deteriorating existence with the clarity of one far more removed. Bowen’s life mirrors that of the protagonist Lois, struggling with issues of identity and escape from an antiquated society. The essay notes the effects this lack of identity has on the characters in the novel and the Anglo–Irish class as a whole at the time it is set. Issues of detachment from land and heritage, lack of communication and relationships between characters, and the ignorance of a middle and upper social class, the Anglo-Irish, to understand their deterioration during the years of the Irish War of Independence are also explored. Author keywords: Anglo-Irish literature, Bowen, Elizabeth, 1899-1973, The Last September, Irish War of Independence
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    A Recounting of the Stages of French Communist Resistance during World War II and its Relationship to the French Resistance Overall
    (SAHKartell, 2015) McManus, Eoin
    This paper will recount the stages of communist resistance in France during World War Two and its relationship to the French Resistance overall, as well as analyse the effect that communist resistance in France had on the war. It will outline the position of the French Communist Party (PCF) in three different and distinctive periods: pre-1939, 1939 to the German invasion of the USSR in 1941, and from Operation Barbarossa to the liberation of France. This paper uses primary and secondary sources to create as balanced and objective an essay as possible. It will show that, for most of its existence, the PCF had been operating in a clandestine state and was thus the best prepared of any group for the outbreak of hostilities. The Communists were not necessarily late in joining the war, with resistance as we know it only beginning when the Communists began to resist. The relationship between the communist resisters and the other resistance groups is discussed, with particular reference to de Gaulle and shows the large degree of autonomy that the Communists maintained. What can be said with certainty of communist resistance in France is that it prevented greater casualties among the Allies through its acts of sabotage and its engagement of the enemy. This dissertation challenges the myth of the French Resistance and asserts that the Communists had the greatest influence of any group in the Resistance. Author keywords: Communism; France; World War Two
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    Are Anxiety and Depression the Same Disorder?
    (SAHKartell, 2015) Carey, Steven
    The issue of co-morbidity in Anxiety and Depression as disorders leads to questions about the integrity of their present taxonomies in mental health diagnostics. At face value the two appear to have discrete differences, yet nonetheless demonstrate a high co-morbidity rate and shared symptoms implying pathological similarities rather than that of chance. Reviewing evidence from behavioural, neural, and biological sources that elaborate on the aspects of these two constructs, helps to illustrate the nature of these apparent differences and similarities. Integrating evidence from the anxiety and depression literature with the pathological process best illustrated by the burnout theory, alongside with support from the neurobiology of anxiety and stress, presents a proposition of a basic and natural anxiety pathology that when excessive, may result in the symptoms psychology has come to know as representative of anxiety and depressive disorders. Author keywords: Anxiety, neuroimaging, stress