Psychology

Permanent URI for this collection

Browse

Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 180
  • Item
    Exploring medical professionals experiences and perceptions of shaming and stigmatisation in patients that are overweight/obese
    (Dublin Business School, 2020) Gallagher, Susan; Prentice, Garry
    Obesity levels are increasing at an alarming rate and presents tremendous threat to the general population. Being overweight or obese can have multiple negative psychological consequences on well-being and health. The development of weight stigmatisation and shaming amongst healthcare professionals is also growing at a significant rate and can contribute to the negative psychological impact. Through research it has been found that healthcare professionals’ inertia to engage with individuals who are overweight or obese is related to the increasing levels of obesity. The aim of this qualitative study was to investigate the healthcare professional’s experiences and perceptions of stigmatisation and shaming of individuals who are overweight/obese. Various themes emerged from the interviews such as the anti-fat attitudes from healthcare professionals and potential strategies to reduce stigmatisation. Overall, healthcare providers aim to provide the highest level of healthcare to all and to tackle the rate obesity must reduce their levels of patient stigmatisation.
  • Item
    The correlation between selfie-sharing frequency and narcissism, contingent self-worth and guilt and shame proneness
    (Dublin Business School, 2020) Keeling, Stephen; Caska, Barbara
    The aim of this study is to gain a deeper understanding of the relationship between selfie-sharing frequency and the Narcissism Personal Inventory scale, Contingent Self-Worth scale and Proneness to Guilt and Shame scale through the lens of age and gender. An online quantitative, correlational coefficient survey was implemented to gather the necessary data. A convenience sample of 106 Irish adult participants completed the survey which consisted of the Narcissism Personal Inventory 16 scale, Contingent Self-Worth scale, Proneness to Guilt and Shame scale, demographic and frequency of selfie-sharing questions. Analysis found that men had higher levels of narcissism and lower levels of proneness to guilt and shame. However, levels of selfie-sharing had no correlations with narcissism, contingent self-worth or proneness to guilt and shame for this sample. Future research should include examining correlations between narcissism levels and contingent self-worth sub-scales for samples of high selfie-sharing frequency.
  • Item
    It’s no laughing matter: Humour, resilience, happiness and the self, a typology approach
    (Dublin Business School, 2020) Conway, Stephen; Gibbons, Chris
    The present study investigated humour styles, self-efficacy, temperament and their relationship to self-esteem, resilience and happiness. With a sample of (n=160) Humour styles were examined in a correlational study. Adaptive humour styles (self-enhancing and affiliative) were found to moderate associations with the though the more significant relationships were found between Temperament (mood, cheerfulness) along with gender age, relationship status and the resilience, self-esteem and happiness. While the maladaptive styles (self-defeating and aggressive) were found to have weak and no significant relationships respectfully. During research it was found that a typology approach to study humour styles may garner more reflexive results of how humour styles interact with in an individual each with a differing relationships to the well-being indicators was pertinent. 4 distinct clusters where found with unique relationships to the independent variables.
  • Item
    A qualitative study on parents' awareness of online predatory behaviours
    (Dublin Business School, 2020) Mostovaia, Sofia; Hyland, Pauline
    Among multiple risks children are exposed online, child sexual abuse saw a rapid growth in the last years. Children are groomed and sexually exploited across social media, online games and live streaming. The current study looked into parents' awareness of online predatory behaviours, focusing on above-mentioned spaces and online grooming. Five female parents took part in semi-structured interviews. The findings show that the participants see more risks than benefits for children being online, but underestimate riskiness of online games and live streaming. They are not always familiar with the concept of grooming, but have a good intuition which actions by online strangers are alarming. As a risk mitigation strategy they utilise physical presence, and count on building trust with a child as opposed to usage of parental control tools. This study lays a good foundation for qualitative and quantitative future research of multiple aspects of child safety online.
  • Item
    Wellbeing and the gentle art: Emotion, engagement, meaning and accomplishment
    (Dublin Business School, 2020) Fogarty, Siobhan; Reid, Rosie
    Research suggests that subjective wellbeing decreases the risk of chronic illness and mental health issues, and is therefore a pertinent personal and societal concern. Brazilian Jiu Jitsu (BJJ) has been associated with a range of desirable social and psychological outcomes. This quantitative study examined if significant differences would exist between practitioners and non-practitioners in levels of negative emotion and wellbeing (as measured by positive emotion, engagement, meaning and accomplishment). A further aim was to investigate if degrees of practice might influence these variables in practitioners. Participants (N = 653) completed an online questionnaire including a modified PERMA-profiler measure. Analysis showed that practitioners demonstrated significantly higher levels of wellbeing. Advanced practitioners demonstrated lower levels of negative emotion, while frequent practitioners exhibited higher levels of wellbeing. Future research is recommended to establish a causal relationship between BJJ and wellbeing as the sport may show promise as a mental health intervention.