ItemLegacy of Conflict Trauma Among Israel and Northern Ireland Adults, Coping Mechanisms and Self Endurance(Dublin Business School, 2020) Melzer, Aharon; Ronda BarronThe aim of this qualitative research was to investigate post conflict trauma experienced by adult participants from Israel and Northern Ireland, exploration such as environmental comprehension, living through adulthood with post traumatic memories, self coping methods and assessing potential cultural differences emerging from the inductive approach. Methodology consisted of purposive sampling of 2 participants from Israel and 2 from N.Ireland. Design including post conflict mental trauma as the main criterion, semi-structured questions were used for these interviews. Materials and apparatus consisted of information sheets, consent forms, debrief sheets, interview schedule and recording equipment. The procedure looked over the interviews, meeting arrangements and Skype. High consideration was placed on ethics as vulnerable population was involved. Using thematic analysis final mapping consisted of 3 main themes with conclusions such as the urgency of additional mental health support in N.Ireland, adequate workplace support, holocaust offspring’s endurance and family/community functions. ItemThe rise of cosmetic procedures: The role of body esteem, social comparison, gender and social media use(Dublin Business School, 2020) Redmond, Sophie; Reid, RosieCosmetic procedures are growing rapidly in popularity each year. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether body-esteem, social comparison, gender and social media addiction were predictors of wanting a cosmetic procedure. One hundred and fifty-six participants filled out a questionnaire. The study was of a quantitative correlational design. Statistically reliable scales were used. Participants were asked how likely they would be to undergo a cosmetic procedure. Results indicate that low body-esteem, negative social comparison and high social media addiction predicted higher levels of a desire for a cosmetic procedure. Additionally, females were more likely to want a cosmetic procedure than males, on average, and females with low body-esteem were more likely to have negative social comparison. This study suggests that there may be underlying influences as to why people undergo cosmetic procedures, theoretical implications are discussed within. ItemAbortion attitudes in post-repeal Ireland: the role of the law, ethical ideologies and empathy(Dublin Business School, 2020) O’Connor, Sharon; Frazer, PatriciaThe aim of this experimental, quantitative study was to examine if receiving a salient reminder of the new legislation for abortion in Ireland influences abortion attitudes and whether ethical ideologies and empathy levels are predictive of abortion attitudes. Irish residents, over 18years (n=434) were accessed through online snowball sampling and randomly assigned to 1 of 2 questionnaires, 1 of which contained a reminder of the law. Both groups were asked to complete abortion attitude and approval questionnaires, Ethical Position questionnaire and the Toronto empathy measure. Findings did not show a relationship between having a legal reminder and attitudes however, they did reveal correlations between ideologies and empathy with attitudes and approval. This would suggest that strong moral beliefs and empathy levels, rather than legality, can predict abortion attitudes. Further research could identify how these findings could have implications in the changing face of abortion laws worldwide. ItemAttachment at work: Increasing authenticity & wellbeing among Irish workers through attachment psychoeducation training(Dublin Business School, 2020) Cowley, Shane; Barron, RondaThe aim of this study was to investigate the influence of attachment styles on authenticity and wellbeing in the context of work and to examine the efficacy of brief attachment-based psychoeducation on authenticity and wellbeing among workers in Ireland. Using a quasi-experimental design 44 full time workers in Ireland completed paper and online questionnaires 3 - 4 weeks apart. In the experimental group (N=26) a short attachment-based psychoeducational training was tested for its effect on work attachment, authenticity, perceived stress and job satisfaction. Results indicated a significant increase in authenticity among those who received attachment psychoeducation between surveys who also had significantly lower levels of perceived stress compared to the control group. There was a significant positive correlation between workers higher in secure work attachment with higher levels of authenticity and job satisfaction. In conclusion, findings show attachment psychoeducation has a significant positive effect on authenticity levels and wellbeing in workers. ItemElevating woman in leadership, self-efficacy and leadership styles, career levels, development and psychological empowerment at work(Dublin Business School, 2020) Byrne, Sarah; Barron, RondaThe aim of this study was to examine the relationship between self- efficacy and leadership styles, career levels, individual consideration (development opportunities) and psychological empowerment at work, on the potential to help elevate woman into leadership. A quantitative, survey design was used, 100 participants took part in this study of which 38 were male and 62 females. The variables of sex, age, career level, self-efficacy at work, psychological empowerment at work & leadership styles were examined, using a quantitative survey design. Results found a weak significant positive relationship between self-efficacy and career levels, Psychological Empowerment significantly predicted self-efficacy, Transformational Leadership was a significant predictor of self-efficacy and Individual Consideration was a significant predictor of self-efficacy. No significant relationship was found between age, sex and career levels.