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dc.contributor.advisorReid, Rosieen
dc.contributor.authorGuild, Lauraen
dc.date.accessioned2014-01-29T18:52:52Z
dc.date.available2014-01-29T18:52:52Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.citationGuild, L. (2013). Are facial expressions universal? does optimism/pessimism affect the intensity at which they are read. Bachelors Final Year Project, Dublin Business School.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10788/1631
dc.description.abstractUsing the JACFEE program (Ekman & Matsumoto, 1988), an experiment was conducted to examine whether facial expressions are universal. It was also explored as to whether there was a relationship between optimism and pessimism and the intensity at which participants rated facial expressions, using the LOT questionnaire (Scheier & Carver, 1985). The study was conducted with 60 participants, 15 international students and 45 European students. A positive, weak, heading to moderate, significant relationship between optimism and pessimism and the total mean intensity of happiness. No significant relationship was found between optimism and pessimism and the total mean intensity of anger. A one-way ANOVA was conducted. It found no significant difference between ethnicity and correct responses. This would suggest facial expressions are universal. Author keywords: facial expressions, intensity of facial expressions, optimism/pessimismen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherDublin Business Schoolen
dc.rightsItems in Esource are protected by copyright. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher/copyright holder.en
dc.rights.urihttp://esource.dbs.ie/copyright
dc.subjectClinical health psychologyen
dc.subjectPsychologyen
dc.titleAre facial expressions universal? Does optimism/pessimism affect the intensity at which they are read?en
dc.typeFinal Year Projecten
dc.rights.holderCopyright: The authoren
dc.type.degreenameBA (Hons) in Psychologyen
dc.type.degreelevelBA (Hons)en


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