This research will study the effective management of several attributes in value chain like resource utilization, quality of education, infrastructure, administration, marketing etc. It is a qualitative study and interviewing the management personnel’s like principals and correspondent of private and public schools in India will outline the competitive advantage of their schools through strategies in management system and also lack of management system within the organization. The literature review finds the advantage of private schools over public schools and will make this research more valuable by further conducting this cross study evaluation. This study will help the schools to identify their need and drawback of current management practice and also examines the competitive advantage of private schools over public schools. It also differentiates the system of practice within the management by analyzing the value chain of public and private schools. This research will outline the existing system of value chain in schools in Chennai (India) and will also provide information for future researchers who are interested in detailed analysis of competitive strategies in value chain management of schools.