Fantasy literature has a long and storied history, but since the publication of works like J.R.R. Tolkien‟s The Lord of the Rings (1954) the genre has enjoyed a steady growth in the last sixty years, and has spawned both numerous subgenres and a multitude of writers. This thesis is an investigation into the first published work of three contemporary authors chosen as representatives of three distinct forms of fantasy. Patrick Rothfuss‟ text The Name of the Wind (2007), Peter V. Brett‟s The Painted Man (2008), and Joe Abercrombie‟s The Blade Itself (2006) will be utilized in a critical investigation into the position fantasy literature currently finds itself in, and to see how contemporary authors attempt truly original creativity. The ultimate belief acting as the motivation for this inquiry is that fantasy literature is the key to revitalizing the human imagination.