This dissertation set out with two primary aims. Firstly, to outline a theoretical understanding
of the development of shame in the individual. The second aim was to develop an
understanding of how a shamed client may present for therapy and how best to treat them.
The findings of this dissertation were that shame develops in the individual as the conscience
begins to form; the result of repression of desires and the incompatible idea. Shame also can
manifest through the relationship with the primary caregiver. Finally shame can be the result
of societal interaction, whereby the individual feels of lesser worth compared to societal
expectations. Clients suffering from shame are far less likely to disclose their feelings to the
therapist, thus the therapist must remain vigilant of shame dynamics and regressive behaviour
on the part of the client. Empathy, genuineness and understanding seem to be key attributes
for the therapist hoping to build a secure attachment with the shamed client.