In today’s world, the 5th Generation mobile networks play a significant role in expanding knowledge and increasing the creativity of people, thereby making information readily available. Through the investigation of past and recent literatures, it is found that India lags behind in establishing 5G networks successfully. This study lays out a comprehensive summary on the challenges faced by India in establishing 5G network successfully, its applications and future scope. A mixed-method research strategy consisting of both interviews and survey questionnaire has been used for data collection purposes. The chosen sample population for the survey consists of professionals from different levels of the main Indian Telecom Organizations along with a few other mobile phone companies. Fibre Infrastructure Issue is found to be the biggest challenge for 5G in India followed by Availability of Spectrum, Cost of Spectrum and Space Requirement for Spectrum while Affordable 5G devices is found to be the least impacting challenge. 5G can attain long term sustainability in India only if the Fibre Infrastructure Issue is addressed at the earliest.