The current study investigated the relative effects of Before and After relational
cues on temporal order judgments. In Experiment 1, participants
(N = 20) were exposed to a 5-phase temporal relational responding task.
Participants observed a sequence of 2 familiar shapes and then completed
either a Before or an After statement to describe the sequence. Response
speeds were significantly faster for Before statements than for After statements.
Experiment 2 (N = 24) extended Experiment 1, using abstract rather
than familiar stimuli, and replicated the findings. The current data extend
previous research, which employed temporal relational responding tasks as a
measure of cognitive abilities such as intelligence, by focusing on differences
in speed between responding in the presence of relational cues used in such
tasks. The differences in response speeds observed between Before and After
cues suggest that more work is needed to understand the specific processes
that underpin such responding. Author keywords: Before, after, relational responding, temporal judgment