The relationship between personality, social support and psychological well-being among African immigrants living in Dublin

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Redmond, Niall
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BA in Psychology
Dublin Business School
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This study looks at the levels of psychological well-being in a sample of African Immigrants living in Dublin, Ireland. Research suggests those with lower levels of social support and negative personality traits will result in poor psychological well-being. The questionnaire involves three existing psychological measures; the Duke Social Support Index,General Health Questionnaire and Eysenck Personality Questionnaire. The age, gender and socio-economic background of the person were also included. On the questionnaires no names or addresses were taken except if the results of the questionnaire were desired. The participants are 52 African immigrants (N=52) both male and female who have taken up residence in Dublin, Ireland. The sample of those came from various sources and represented a variety of African nations. Each participant received the questionnaires which were to be completed there and then or collected at a later date. A regression analysis was conducted using the stepwise method, which indicated the predicted positive analysis (b = .875, p<.05), significant at the 0.5 level, between social support and satisfaction of life and a negative analysis (b = -.195, p < .05), significant at 0.5 level, between the personality trait of extraversion and satisfaction of life. The results of this study support the theory that social support and personality have an effect on the individual's satisfaction of life, which has direct implications on overall psychological well-being. The study concludes with practical suggestions for future studies, and acknowledges the role Irish health professionals have in dealing with such a marginalized population.