Self-Efficacy, Empathy and Personal Responsibility On Bullying Participant Roles

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Kane, Michelle
Issue Date
BA (Hons) in Psychology
Dublin Business School
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between self-efficacy, empathy and personal responsibility on bullying participant roles which include the role of the bully, victim, defender and the passive bystander. Participants were 172 secondary school students from Dublin ranging in age from 12-21. The participants answered a questionnaire consisting of a self-reported participant role scale (Pozzoli, Gini & Vieno, 2012), revised pro-victim scale (Rigby & Slee, 1991), self-efficacy regarding peer intervention scale (Kingston, 2008) and personal responsibility scale. (Pozzoli & Gini, 2010). Results showed that high scores on self-efficacy and personal responsibility were associated with the defender role. Low scores on self-efficacy and personal responsibility were correlated with the role of the bully and low scores on empathy were associated with the passive bystander. It was found that more females participated as a defender and more males participated in the bully and passive bystander roles. Younger children were associated with the role of the defender. Author Keywords:Self-Efficacy, Empathy, Personal Responsivity, Bullying Participant Roles, Bullying, Bystander