Maladaptive perfectionism, self-efficacy and social comparison: predictors for body dissatisfaction and subsequent disordered eating in females
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Higher Diploma in Arts in Psychology
Dublin Business School
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This study aimed to investigate the relationship between maladaptive perfectionism, self-efficacy and social comparison and the extent to which these variables predict body dissatisfaction among females. A sample of females (n = 219) participated in the quantitative study by completing four self-reported questionnaires that examined each variable; The Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (FMPS), The Generalised Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE), The Social Comparison Scale and The Body Shape Questionnaire 16B (BSQ 16B). Data was analysed using Pearson correlations, multiple linear regressions and t tests. Overall, results conveyed a significant relationship between maladaptive perfectionism, self-efficacy, social comparison and body dissatisfaction. Maladaptive perfectionism and social comparison were found to be significant predictors of body dissatisfaction. However, self-efficacy was not found to significantly predict body dissatisfaction. In conclusion, the present study replicates previous research findings with regards to the area of body dissatisfaction in females. The main limitation of the current study relates to the inclusion of females only as participants. Findings and recommendations for future research are discussed