The effect of music on recall ability of words and digits

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Jameson, Claire
Issue Date
BA (Hons) in Psychology
Dublin Business School
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The aim of the current study is to investigate the effect of music on recall ability of words and digits. A PowerPoint slideshow of sequences of words and digits was presented to a sample of 84 DBS Undergraduate students. Participants were allocated to one of three conditions; silent, vocal/pop or instrumental. In the two music conditions background music was played for the duration of the experiment. Participants had to recall the presented stimuli onto a recall sheet. The findings suggest that music has a negative effect on the recall of words but it has no significant effect on the recall of digits. The participants recalled digits better than words, across all music conditions and there was no significant difference in gender recall ability. Author keywords: words, digits, music, recall