An investigation into Type A behaviour, stress levels and coping styles of firefighters in the Dublin Fire Brigade

No Thumbnail Available
Authors
Dann, Gillian
Issue Date
2007
Degree
BA in Psychology
Publisher
Dublin Business School
Rights
Items in Esource are protected by copyright. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher/copyright holder.
Abstract
The current study investigated the relationship between Type A behaviour, general wellbeing, and perceived stress. The current study also examined Type A traits that were characteristic of firefighters, and investigated the different coping styles employed by firefighters. The literature formulated suggests Type A people are very suitable for emergency services work being competitive, experience seeking, enjoying risk taking and displaying leadership tendencies (Ibbotson, 1999). Type As have a tendency to perceive their tasks as being more demanding and as a result make them more demanding (Schalk and Van den Berg, 1997). The current study investigated the relationship between (a) Type A and perceived stress (b) Type A and general well-being (c) general well-being and perceived stress. The sample comprised of firefighters from the Dublin Fire Brigade (n = 54), 53 males and 1 female. The study used a between subjects design. Data was compiled using questionnaires. Pearson's correlation showed a significant relationship between (a) Type A and perceived stress (r=. 369, P<0.01, two tailed) (b) Type A and general wellbeing (r=. 357, P<0.01, two tailed) (c) general wellbeing and perceived stress (r=. 603, P<0.01, two tailed). The majority of firefighters employed approach-focused coping. The majority of firefighters were shown to be competitive and having a strong need to excel at most things, characteristics typical of Type A behaviour. The study highlights a need for further research into ‘macho type cultures’ and ‘image armour’ which may have repercussions for new recruits seeking support.
Collections