Who follows their dreams? Self-efficacy, sociotropy and autonomy as predictors of career aspiration attainment

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Sterritt, Ashley
Issue Date
Higher Diploma in Arts in Psychology
Dublin Business School
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The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between dream job attainment and self-efficacy, sociotropy and autonomy. A review of the literature identified a lack of research on specific aspirations, as opposed to aspiration levels, and an absence of personality or self-image variables as correlates of dream job attainment. The study used a cross-sectional, quantitative design, based on self-report questionnaires. The sample consisted of 118 adults working in Ireland (27 male, 85 female). A significant difference was found in the self-efficacy of those who were and were not in their dream job. The corresponding difference in sociotropy very closely approached the significance threshold. Relationships with age, gender, parental and peer influence, and intrinsic motivation were also explored. The study suggests a promising future direction for research on personality predictors of career attainment in general and one’s dream job in particular. Author keywords: Dream job, self-efficacy, sociotropy, autonomy, career aspirations