Assessing how spirituality shapes cognition; impacting life satisfaction & prosocial behaviour across age & education

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Mc Dermott, Ryan
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BA (Hons) in Psychology
Dublin Business School
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The purpose of this quantitative mixed design study was to examine spirituality across a broad religious and non-religious context, while investigating the associated role of prosocial behaviour, life satisfaction, level of education and age. A convenience sample consisting of the general Irish population (n = 140) was adopted, involving males (n = 58) and females (n = 82) across different age groups and levels of education. Participants completed a self-report questionnaire comprising of the Prosocial Scale for Adults (Caprara G. V., 2005), the Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diener E. D., 1985), and the Beliefs and Values Scale (King, 2006). Analyses revealed both prosocial-behaviour-and life satisfaction were significantly correlated to spirituality and significant differences were observed between spirituality and level of education. No significant differences were found-between age and spirituality, however components of every analysis proved useful for further research. Application of the current study was discussed along with future implications.