Body image and Social Physique Anxiety : gender differences, personality types and effects on self-esteem

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Murphy, Aine
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Higher Diploma in Arts in Psychology
Dublin Business School
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The aim of this research was to investigate body image and social physique anxiety in relation to gender, self-esteem and personality. This was a correlational study which used quantitative methods. It involved 82 participants both male and female to fill out a number of psychology questionnaires based on body image, social physique anxiety, personality and body self-esteem. Analysis of the data found that both males and females suffered with body image dissatisfaction and SPA with females having higher levels than males. Self-esteem of both genders was affected were high levels of BID and SPA were present with females tending to have lower self-esteem levels than males. In terms of personality a relationship between neuroticism and high levels of BID were found in females while a relationship between extroversion and high levels of SPA was found in males. More research is needed in the area of personality and SPA for more defined results. Author keywords: Body image, gender differences, personality, self-esteem