An investigatory examination into the relationships between mindfulness, self-efficacy and college student's behaviours

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Boland, Paul
Issue Date
BA (Hons) in Psychology
Dublin Business School
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The objective of the present study was to examine the relationships between mindfulness, self-efficacy and the health behaviours commonly seen in college students. 73 Participants were included (33 males and 40 females, mean age = 22.81 years, SD = 1.55) and these were extracted from a pool of first, second and third year psychology students who attend Dublin Business School, School of Arts, Dublin. Each participant was asked to complete a questionnaire which assessed their level of mindfulness, perceived general health, alcohol consumption, quality of sleep, level of physical activity and self-efficacy with regards to these health behaviours. The results indicated that alcohol consumption is related to mindfulness as assessed through the Five-Factor Mindfulness Questionnaire. The results also revealed an association between self-efficacy and the participant’s level of exercise. These results suggest that by increasing the level of mindfulness in students, alcohol use, in particular binge drinking behaviour can be reduced. Also, through self-efficacy, students can benefit from an increased confidence in their ability to maintain a regular exercise routine which can in turn create greater physical well-being and psychological functioning. Author keywords: Mindfulness, self-efficacy, health, student