Self efficacy, locus of control and perceived stress as factors affecting smoking behaviour and cessation

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Brady, Jennifer
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BA (Hons) in Psychology
Dublin Business School
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The study was a questionnaire investigating the relationship between Self efficacy, Locus of Control, Perceived Stress and Nicotine Dependence on smoking behaviour and cessation. A total of (N=106) participants took part. The inclusion criteria stipulated participants to be aged between 18 and 65 and to be employed at ….. Assessments included, Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence, Perceived Stress Scale, Generalised Self Efficacy, Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale and general demographic questions. Results showed no significant difference between smokers and ex-smokers Perceived Stress levels or Self Efficacy levels. There was a low significant difference between smokers and ex-smokers nicotine dependence levels. There was a significant positive correlation between increased age and intention to quit smoke. Author keywords: Smoking, cessation, self efficacy