A social impact study on smoking attitudes and behaviours following smoking ban implementation in bars and restaurants

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O'Connell, Barbara
Issue Date
MA in Addiction Studies
Dublin Business School
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This study applied the Theory of Planned Behaviour to the prediction of (1) intention and (2) behaviour. Seventy-eight respondents from the Financial, Construction and Medical (Public Hospital) sectors took part in this study (N = 78) which was a mixed (within and between) design. A convenience sampling method was employed. Time 1 questionnaires (consisting of thirteen questions) were completed prior to the Smoking Ban. Time 2 questionnaires (consisting of twelve questions) were completed two months after legislation had been implemented. The dependent variable in the first analysis (the prediction of intention) was intention. The Independent variables were attitudes, subjective norm and perceived behavioural control. The dependent variable in the second analysis was behaviour (Intention2). The Independent Variables were intention, perceived behavioural control, attitudes and subjective norm. Data was analysed using Standard Linear regression. In the first analysis intention the Theory of Planned Behaviour variables were found to explain 22% of the variance in the Dependent variable intention. R2 = 22, F = 7.11, P < .000. In the second analysis The TPB variables were found to explain 23 % of the variance in behaviour. R2 = 23%, F = 5.56, P <.000.