Physical education and training activity as a determinant of multi-dimensional self concept, academic motivation and locus of control
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BA (Hons) in Psychology
Dublin Business School
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether sports participation has a relationship with Self-concept, Locus of Control and Academic Motivation in children. The current study employed a subject design where raw data was obtained through survey methods. The participants were children in 5th or 6th class in primary school, with a mean age of 11.5 years. All participants completed a booklet which included a short demographic page and three questionnaires. The three questionnaires included the Locus of Control Scale for Children, The Piers-Harris Self-Concept Scale for children and the Academic Motivation Scale (elementary). Results demonstrated that there is a significant relationship between sports participation and Loc. (t=-2.679, df=60, p=.01, two-tailed). There is a significant relationship between sports participation and behavioural adjustment group (t=2.22, df60, p=<.05, two-tailed p=0.03). There is a significant relationship between gender, sports participation and popularity (F=4.09, p=0.048, partial n2=0.07). There is a significant relationship between gender, sports participation and intrinsic motivation (F=7.184, p=0.010, partial n2=0.110).