The relationship of stress to gender, age, academic motivation, student expectations and self-esteem among students
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BA (Hons) in Psychology
Dublin Business School
The purpose of this quantitative, correlational study was to explore the relationship of stress to gender, age, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, student expectations and self-esteem among students. The convenience sample of 436 participants comprising of males aged 17- 56(n= 137) and females aged 17-60 (n= 299) took part in a cross-sectional between group study. The analysis showed significant findings were found for stress in relation to age, gender and self-esteem. Mixed findings on the factors of academic motivation were found. These factors were need for achievement, mastery of goal (intrinsic motivation), power motivation, fear of failure, authority expectations (extrinsic motivation). Significant findings were found for need for achievement, master of goals, fear of failure and authority expectations. This study contributes to research on student stress and the individual components that influence stress. Author keywords: Relationship, stress, gender, age, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, academic motivation, expectations, self-esteem.