Engaging in physical activity: Interaction between motivational factors, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and life satisfaction & Gender

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Culleton, Anne Marie
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BA (Hons) in Psychology
Dublin Business School
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The present study explores how self-esteem, self-efficacy, and satisfaction with life correlate with motivations to engage in a physical activity (extrinsic vs intrinsic) with looking at gender differences in motivation. Participants took part in an online survey posted to Facebook & LinkedIn. They self-reported on four questionnaires in relation to self-esteem, self-efficacy, satisfaction with life and the motivation for physical activity which accessed self-reported information whether an individual was extrinsically or intrinsically motivated to engage in a physical activity .The results showed that self-esteem, & self-efficacy are predictors of motivation to engage in a physical activity. No significance was found with life satisfaction. Gender differences were examined and no significance was found. The present research shows how important it is to consider psychological factors in an individual’s motivation and to know how they are motivated in relation the Self-determination Authors Keywords: extrinsic / intrinsic motivation