Psychological effects of Facebook use : links between intensity of Facebook use, envy, loneliness and FoMO

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Varga, Eniko
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BA (Hons) in Psychology
Dublin Business School
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The aim of the present research was to investigate the relationship between intensity of Facebook use, envy, loneliness and FoMO. Eighty-six participants (44 males and 42 females) were collected from the population of Facebook users through snowball sampling. The study used a quantitative method with correlational design to test the hypotheses. Five measures were used to create an online survey, including a demographic questionnaire, the UCLA Loneliness scale, the Fear of Missing Out (FoMO) scale, the Dispositional Envy scale and the Facebook Intensity scale. The link to the survey was available through Facebook for 5 weeks. Results of the analysis have shown no significant relationship between loneliness, envy and intensity of Facebook use. However, further analysis has found a positive association between FoMO and intensity of Facebook use. In addition, results have shown a positive relationship between envy, loneliness and FoMO. Limitations and future direction are discussed. Author keywords: Facebook, Social Media, Envy, Loneliness, FoMO, fear of missing out