The effects of maternal employment on general health, self esteem and hopefulness in young adults (age 18 to 24)

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Fields, Brenda
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BA (Hons) in Psychology
Dublin Business School
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This study investigated the retrospective effects of maternal employment on young adults comparing those whose mothers were in full-time employment and those who were not. Participants were 70 students from an urban college. Rosenberg's Self Esteem Scale, Synder's Hope Scale and the General Health Questionnaire were utilised to examine the hypoFinal Year Project. A quantitative cross sectional descriptive survey analysis design was employed. A series of t-tests and Pearson's Correlation were conducted. The results showed a significant difference between gender reported in general health (t (28.816) = -2.399, p = .023) in the group whose mothers were employed. There was no significant difference reported between the two groups analysed which is significant as it shows that maternal employment is not detrimental to psychological outcome in young adulthood for hope, general health and self-esteem. Author keywords: Maternal employment, self-esteem, hopefulness, general health