Smoking behaviour and its correlates : personality, self-esteem, self-efficacy and coping strategies. Age-effect perspective

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Zolnowski, Witold
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BA (Hons) in Psychology
Dublin Business School
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This study examined the personality characteristics, self-esteem, self-efficacy, coping types of groups of non-smokers, ex-smokers, and current smokers. The sample consisted of college students. No significant differences were observed between the three groups on self-esteem, self-efficacy, and coping types. No age effect was observed either. Significant differences were observed between smokers, and nonsmokers on extraversion, F (2, 122) = 5.1, p < .01. The hierarchical multiple regression model has found extraversion (b = .34, p < .001), neuroticism (b = .2, p < .05), conscientiousness (b = -.18, p < .05), and age (b = .34, p < .001) predictive of number of smoking cigarettes a day. Author keywords: Smoking, personality