The relationship between exercise and self-esteem, sleeping patterns, anxiety and energy levels
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BA (Hons) in Social Science
Dublin Business School
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This thesis aimed to research the relationship between exercise and self-esteem, sleeping patterns, anxiety and energy levels. The sample size consisted of 200 participants of males and females from ages 18 to 63 years. Data was collected by a questionnaire booklet containing 4 sections of questionnaires. These questionnaires were distributed among Dublin college students and online using www.surveymonkey.com. A quasi-experiment research design was used. The independent variable was the fitness level of the participants, which was estimated based on the amount of exercise that they performed weekly: the more exercise they did the higher their resultant fitness would be. The dependent variable was the measurement of various physiological and psychological factors in the groups. Psychological factors include energy, sleeping patterns, self-esteem and anxiety. Physiological factors include type of exercise and hours of exercise per week. A correlational analysis was used to test the relationship between the groups’ exercise levels and their self-esteem, anxiety, sleep and energy. The results did not match three out of the four predicted hypothesis (#s 1, 2, and 4) in this present research, showing a positive correlation between exercise levels and both anxiety and energy levels, and a negative correlation to both self-esteem and better sleeping patterns. Author keywords: Exercise, self-esteem, anxiety, sleeping patterns, energy