Is smoking related to body shape satisfaction, stress, self-esteem, and self-efficacy in Irish college students?

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Authors
Gaffney, Sabrina
Issue Date
2009
Degree
BA in Psychology
Publisher
Dublin Business School
Rights
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Abstract
The aim of the current study was to examine the differences of smoking status on perceived stress, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and body shape satisfaction. There were 90 participants (N=90) that filled out the Body Shape Questionnaire, Perceived Stress Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Generalised Self-Efficacy Scale. This was a cross-sectional design study. A significant difference was found between smoking status and Self-esteem (t(82df)=-2.619;P<0.05,2 tailed), perceived stress, (t(87df)=3.896;P<0.05,2 tailed) and body shape satisfaction (t(66df)= 7.541;P<0.05,2 tailed) using a t test. Females were found to have lower levels of self-esteem and body shape satisfaction, and higher levels of perceived stress here. Smoking treatment should include improvement for these areas.
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