Mutual entailment of temporal relations in younger and older adults: reversing order judgments

dc.contributor.authorMcGreal, Catherine
dc.contributor.authorHyland, John
dc.contributor.authorO’ Hora, Denis
dc.contributor.authorHogan, Michael
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-02T17:22:07Z
dc.date.available2018-10-02T17:22:07Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.description.abstractFor temporal relations, mutually entailed relations are different to those directly trained; we learn that A occurred “before” B and derive that B occurred “after” A. Deriving such relations results in lower accuracy and slower response speeds compared to derived relations identical to those trained. The ability of an individual to derive relations different to those trained is a measure of relational flexibility and predicts performance on standard cognitive tests. In the current study, 23 younger (M = 19 years) and 23 older (M = 61 years) participants observed pairs of stimuli presented consecutively (A … B) and then evaluated statements including the stimuli in the same (A BEFORE B) or reversed order (B AFTER A). Judgements on reversed (“after”) statements resulted in lower accuracy and slower response speeds than those presented in the same order (“before”) for both older and younger groups. Older adults exhibited deficits in relational flexibility compared to younger adults, such as slower progression through experimental phases, particularly in correctly responding to reversed statements. Older participants also demonstrated higher error rates on foil statements and responded more slowly than younger participants. The findings suggest that older adults may benefit from training strategies focused on relational flexibility.loen
dc.description.versionPostprinten
dc.identifier.citationMcGreal, C., Hyland, J., O'Hora, D. and Hogan, M. (2016) ‘Mutual Entailment of Temporal Relations in Younger and Older Adults: Reversing Order Judgments’, The Psychological Record, 66(3), pp. 419–428.en
dc.identifier.issn0033-2933en
dc.identifier.issn2163-3452en
dc.identifier.urihttps://esource.dbs.ie/handle/10788/3526
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherSpringer International Publishingen_US
dc.rightsItems in Esource are protected by copyright. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher/copyright holder.en
dc.rights.holderCopyright: The publisheren
dc.rights.urihttp://esource.dbs.ie/copyrighten
dc.source.urihttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs40732-016-0182-3en
dc.subjectAgeen
dc.titleMutual entailment of temporal relations in younger and older adults: reversing order judgmentsen
dc.typeArticleen
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